Afghanistan Spatial Data Center (ASDC) mitigate the impact by implementing response and recovery concepts into development and humanitarian projects.
Afghanistan has a large and diverse landscape that suffers from a variety of natural hazards. Earthquakes have a significant impact on the population in 17 out of the 34 provinces in Afghanistan. Between 2012 and 2016, a total of 208,639 people were affected by earthquakes, with 200 casualties.
According to the United States Geological Society (USGS), Afghanistan is one of the most seismically hazardous regions on the planet. Therefore, earthquakes in Afghanistan happen frequently. The earthquake of October 2015 was especially devastating, resulting in 99 casualties, and 496 injuries.
Agricultural and livestock produce mainly sustains Afghanistan’s economy, and earthquakes have an indirect negative impact on these activities. It was estimated that the 2015 earthquake and its damage to the road network, electric grid, and buildings resulted in a 1% decrease in Afghanistan’s GDP. In response to these catastrophic events, NGO’s and government programs need to reassess, and make changes to how they execute their development programs in Afghanistan.
While it is not possible to avoid earthquakes, we can mitigate their impact by implementing response and recovery concepts into development and humanitarian projects, and by creating awareness through education and use of information technology tools such as the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center (ASDC).