Afghanistan Earthquake

A Documentation of the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center

Afghanistan Earthquake

Afghanistan Spatial Data Center (ASDC) mitigate the impact by implementing response and recovery concepts into development and humanitarian projects.

Afghanistan has a large and diverse landscape that suffers from a variety of natural hazards. Earthquakes have a significant impact on the population in 17 out of the 34 provinces in Afghanistan. Between 2012 and 2016, a total of 208,639 people were affected by earthquakes, with 200 casualties.

According to the United States Geological Society (USGS), Afghanistan is one of the most seismically hazardous regions on the planet. Therefore, earthquakes in Afghanistan happen frequently. The earthquake of October 2015 was especially devastating, resulting in 99 casualties, and 496 injuries.

Agricultural and livestock produce mainly sustains Afghanistan’s economy, and earthquakes have an indirect negative impact on these activities. It was estimated that the 2015 earthquake and its damage to the road network, electric grid, and buildings resulted in a 1% decrease in Afghanistan’s GDP. In response to these catastrophic events, NGO’s and government programs need to reassess, and make changes to how they execute their development programs in Afghanistan.

While it is not possible to avoid earthquakes, we can mitigate their impact by implementing response and recovery concepts into development and humanitarian projects, and by creating awareness through education and use of information technology tools such as the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center (ASDC).

The Fact

By using the ASDC, NGO’s and various agencies can plan Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) with a better level of information, and accuracy which will result in a more precise and efficient humanitarian footprint.

24 M

People Affected

October 26th, 2015

The Biggest Earthquake Occured

2.8 K

Building Affected

Dashboard

Get access to the number of people, buildings and settlements affected by any of the earthquakes occured in Afghanistan since 2015, at nationwide, province and district level.

Obtain information on the earthquake´s damage on population, buildings, and settlements, according to the Mercalli Intensity Scale.

Information in tabular form on the intensity of eartquakes in the different provinces in Afghanistan, divided in eight categories: weak, light, moderate, strong, very strong, severe violent, extreme.

Shakemaps

Every five minutes, we check the USGS earthquake reporting service to identify the location and intensity of earthquake events. For those with a magnitude of 5 or higher, a shake map is generated and integrated into the system. With the ASDC, you can inspect which zones and how many people might be affected by an earthquake within the first 90 minutes after the event.

Statistics Tool

Under the statistics tool, in the interactive maps section, you can find historical information on past eartquakes and the shakemap. Find out the damage intensity at nationwide, province and district level.

Static Maps

iMMAP’s static map catalogue: the ASDC contains more than 45 maps on various aspects related to earthquake risk and information on past earthquakes. The entire static map catalogue includes more than 2500 maps for the humanitarian community in Afghanistan.

Settlement Inspector

With the ASDC´s settlement inspector tool you can obtain eartquake-related information at the village level, such as data on the earthquake risk and the intensity of the past twenty eartquakes for all villages/settlements.

Finder Tool

ASDC’s finder tool will help you locate airports, settlements and health facilities for earthquake emergency response, accessibility, and construction purposes.

Training and Certification

Get dedicated training using the ASDC by our local national and international staff.

Our ASDC Professional User Certification can be obtained after completing the training program. Alternatively, it can be taken individually after registering on ASDC.

Go through our online interactive scenario based training and become certified in all aspects of the ASDC

Scenarios

Following an earthquake, an assessment is usually performed to determine which areas were most affected in order to target response efforts. The USGS shakemap usually provides this information within the first hour of the seismic event, which is subsequently processed by iMMAP settlement/population estimates.

How many people in Takhar province felt the October 26th 2015 earthquake at the intensity level 'Strong'?

1

Open your browser and go to asdc.immap.org

2

Under the maps tab, click on Interactive Maps

3

Click on the relevant map i.e. Earthquake

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4

Click on Statistics tab on top of the map

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5

From side menu on the right, choose Provinces and Districts and enter Takhar.

Click Apply button.

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6

Once you have the statistics for Takhar, click on the Earthquake tab and from the drop down menu, find the relevant earthquake event, as marked in red.

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The data related to that specific earthquake is displayed. Now find the relevant information. In this case, 1.1 million people felt the earthquake in Takhar at the intensity level Strong.

In order to organize response teams following an earthquake, we need to know how many villages approximately were affected. How many settlements in Jorm district of Badakhshan province felt the October 26th 2015 earthquake at the intensity level 'Moderate'?

1

Open your browser and go to asdc.immap.org

2

Under the maps tab, click on Interactive Maps

3

Click on the relevant map i.e. Earthquake.

scen1
4

Click on Statistics tab on top of the map

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5

From side menu on the right, choose Provinces and Districts and enter Badakhshan and Jorm, respectively.

Click Apply button

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6

Once you have the statistics for Jorm, click on the Earthquake tab and from the drop down menu, find the relevant earthquake event, as marked in red.

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7

The data related to that specific earthquake is displayed. Now find the relevant information. In this case, 540 people felt the earthquake in Jorm, Badakhshan at the intensity level Moderate.

Which Afghan province that felt more intensely the October 26th 2015 earthquake?

1

Open your browser and go to asdc.immap.org

2

Click on Dashboard

3

Under Dashboard, click on Earthquake tab

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4

Choose the relevant earthquake event from the drop down menu.

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5

Once the statistics for that specific earthquake are generated, simply scroll down and find the table with information on the affected population and settlements for all the provinces in Afghanistan. Then find the province that was most affected. In this case, Badakhshan.

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